Dengue fever

Fever is not really a fever but a disease that is caused by 4 species of viruses that are related; it is spread from one person to another by a certain species of mosquito. Dengue fever could range from being mild to severe. The milder forms of the disease could bring about certain dengue fever symptoms such as a high fever, muscle pain, joint ache and a rash. However, if the disease is more severe, then some serious dengue fever symptoms could be evident, which could also be life-threatening.

Causes of dengue fever

There are four dengue viruses and any of them could cause this disease. The disease spreads by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which are known to thrive quite close to human habitations. In fact these mosquitoes can breed even in the cleanest waters and can transmit the virus between people. If the mosquito happens to bite a person who has been infected with the dengue virus, then the virus enters the bloodstream of the mosquito and settles in the salivary glands. If the infected mosquito then bites another person, the virus then enters the human’s bloodstream, where it leads to the illness.

(A) Symptoms

  • Mild symptoms of dengue can be confused with other illnesses that cause fever, aches and pains, or a rash. The most common symptom of dengue is fever with any of the following:
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Rash
  • Aches and pains (eye pain, typically behind the eyes, muscle, joint, or bone pain)
  • Any warning sign

Symptoms of dengue typically last 2–7 days. Most people will recover after about a week.

1. Bone pain-

Bone pain is extreme tenderness, aching, or other discomfort in one or more bones. It differs from muscle and joint pain because it’s present whether you’re moving or not. The pain is commonly linked to diseases that affect the normal function or structure of the bone.

2. High fever-

A high fever is when the body temperature rises above 103 degrees Fahrenheit in an adult (or above 101 degrees Fahrenheit in a child). A fever this high may indicate the presence of a serious infection that has triggered your immune system.

3. Muscles pain-

Muscle aches (myalgia) are extremely common. Almost everyone has experienced discomfort in their muscles at some point.

4. Joint pain-

Joints are the parts of your body where your bones meet. Joints allow the bones of your skeleton to move. Joints include: 1. shoulders, 2. hips, 3. elbows, 4. knees

Joint pain refers to discomfort, aches, and soreness in any of the body’s joints. Joint pain is a common complaint.

5. Eye pain-

Eye pain is also known as ophthalmalgia. Depending on where you experience the discomfort, eye pain can fall into one of two categories. Ocular pain occurs on the eye’s surface, and orbital pain occurs within the eye. Eye pain is common, but it’s rarely a symptom of a serious condition. Most often, the pain resolves without medicine or treatment.

 6. Headache-

A continuous pain in the head.

7. Rash-

Acting or done without careful consideration of the possible consequences; impetuous.