What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is the state of the skin where the skin cells begin to duplicate at abnormal levels. Generally, cell recovery occurs and balances with the dead skin cells. Since the skin cells begin to grow abnormally, they grow to the  top of your skin and die out leaving behind a red plaque secured with white scales.

They normally happen on the knees, elbows and your scalp. There are numerous reasons attributed to why skin cells behave abnormally. The normal explanation is that they are connected to the way your immune system performs.

This disease is is characterized by over-multiplication of skin cells up to  10 times faster than normal growth. As dead underlying cells reach the skin’s surface, their voluminous accumulation causes raised, red plaques that gets covered with white scales.

They can grow anywhere, but most appear on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis can’t be passed from person to person. It does sometimes happen in members of the same family.

Types of Psoriasis?

Psoriasis can happen for several reasons ranging from trauma, emotional stress to streptococcal infection. There are five different types of psoriasis:

1. Pustular Psoriasis-

Which causes red and scaly skin with tiny pustules on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.

2. Guttate Psoriasis-

Which often begins in childhood or young adulthood, causes small, red spots, mainly on the torso and limbs. Triggers may be respiratory infections, strep throat, tonsillitis, stress, injury to the skin, and taking antimalarial and beta-blocker medications.

3. Inverse Psoriasis-

Which makes splendid red, shiny lesions that show up in skin folds, for example, the armpits, groin, and under breasts.

4. Erythrodermic Psoriasis-

Which causes red hot redness of the skin and shedding of scales in sheets. It’s triggered by severe sunburn, infections, certain medications, and stopping some kinds of psoriasis treatment. It needs to be treated immediately because it can lead to severe illness.

5. Plaque psoriasis-

It is a type of psoriasis that gives red, raised patches on the skin. These are covered by silvery dead skin cells.

What are the symptoms of Psoriasis?

The symptoms of psoriasis vary depending on the type you have Some common symptoms for plaque psoriasis — the most common variety of the condition — include:

  • Patches of inflamed and red skin often covered with silver-colored scales. They may be painful, itchy, and can even crack and bleed at times. In severe cases, the plaques will grow and merge, covering large areas.
  • Disorders of the fingernails and toenails, including discoloration and pitting of the nails. The nails may also crumble or detach from the nail bed.
  • Plaques of Scales and patches or crust may form on the head of the Psoriasis patients.

Prevention of Psoriasis-

1. Eat a healthy diet

2. Avoid smoking and alcohol

3. Protect your skin:- Sunburn, cuts, and even vaccinations can trigger psoriasis.

4. Decrease stress

5. Sleep

6. Reconsider certain medications

7. Use lotion:- Overly dry skin can trigger psoriasis. Avoid overly hot showers, which may dry your skin. After bathing, pat your skin dry with a towel and apply unscented lotion to help lock in moisture.

You may also want to use a humidifier in your home if the air is dry. That can help prevent dry skin as well.

Dieting effect on psoriasis-

1. Weight loss

Researchers have linked psoriasis with a metabolic disorder, features of which include obesity and inflammation.

Scientists are not sure why, but studies have found that for every unit increase in body mass index (BMI), there is a 9 percent higher chance of developing the symptoms of psoriasis.

2. Gluten and celiac disease

For people with celiac disease, cutting out gluten-containing foods — including many baked goods and other products that contain flour — may help to ease symptoms of psoriasis as well as those of celiac disease.

Foods to avoid include:

  • wheat and wheat products, including semolina and many pastas
  • brewer’s yeast
  • breads and baked goods
  • cornflakes and other cereals
  • many processed foods
  • some beers
  • some cosmetics, such as lipstick and lip balm
3. Anti-inflammatory foods

Examples of foods that may have an anti-inflammatory effect include:

  • oily and cold-water fish
  • fruits and vegetables
  • nuts and seeds
  • beans
  • fiber
4. Antioxidants and inflammation

These free radicals may play a role in reducing inflammation.

Examples of antioxidants include vitamins A, E, and C, and the minerals iron, copper, manganese, zinc, and selenium. These are present in various degrees across a variety of plant-based foods. Good sources may be:-

  • fruits and vegetables
  • nuts and seeds
  • spices, such as cloves, peppermint, and cinnamon
  • herbs, including oregano, thyme, and sage
5. Vitamin D

Vitamin D comes from two sources:

  • food, such as fortified dairy products
  • exposure to sunlight, as the body creates vitamin D in response to ultraviolet B (UVB) rays

Research suggests that exposing the skin to small amounts of sun every day may benefit people with psoriasis.

Getting enough vitamin D from dietary sources may help. Sources include:-

  • oily fish
  • milk, yogurt, and Swiss cheese
  • egg

Poonam Singh